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Polar Regions and Glaciers
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26 Articles

Industrial Soot Linked to the Abrupt Retreat of 19th Century Glaciers

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A NASA-led team of scientists has uncovered strong evidence that soot from a rapidly industrializing Europe caused the abrupt retreat of mountain glaciers in the European Alps that began in the 1860s, a period often thought of as the end of the Little Ice Age. Black carbon is the strongest sunlight-absorbing atmospheric particle. When these particles settle on the snow blanketing glaciers, they darken the snow surface, speeding its melting and exposing the underlying glacier ice to sunlight and warmer spring and summer air earlier in the year.

The Melting North? No Increase in the Greenhouse Effect

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The Economist magazine article "The Melting North" claimed that carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are causing Arctic warming. We show that the greenhouse effect has not increased in the Arctic since 1979, so CO2 emissions cannot be the cause of the warming.

Global warming and Glacier Melt-Down Debate

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FoS scientific advisory board member Dr. Madhav Khandekar writes that Himalayan glaciers are not retreating any faster than glaciers elsewhere. The largest and most important glaciers of the Himalayas show very little retreat at this time.


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This November 2009 report on the state of Himalayan glaciers by V.K.Raina, of the Geological Survey of India shows that glaciers are not retreating abnormally and do not show any immediate response to climate change. Himalayan glaciers, although showing a retreating front, have not in exhibited recent abnormal annual retreat. Some glacier's retreat has slowed significantly during the last few years.

Antarctica Cooling

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A paper published in Nature claims to show that Antarctica has been warming, contradicting the usual interpretation of available data that the continent is cooling. An analysis of the paper shows that the warming is entirely the result of a faulty statistical methodology. When the error in the methodology is corrected, the warming becomes cooling.

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