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47 Articles

Solar Activity and Greenland Climate 12,000 Over Years

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A paper published by "Nature Geoscience" finds a persistent link between solar activity and Greenland climate during the last ice age from a high-resolution record of radionuclides representing temperature and solar activity. The ice cores were collected from central Greenland and the record spans from 22,500 to 10,000 years ago. The website "The Hockey Schtick" describes the solar forcing mechanism as proposed by the authors with an extensive excerpt and graphs from the paper. The correlation R2 between the temperature proxy and the solar proxy is 0.3 at 99% confidence.

Low Solar Activity May Cause Cold Winters in Northern Countries

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Jarl R. Ahlbeck of the Abo Akademi University, Finland analyzed the statistical relation between the direction and strength of the stratospheric wind in the tropics, solar activity, and the Arctic Oscillation (AO). During the negative or cold AO phase, cold Arctic air often extends far south in the winter. The AO is strongly related to cold northern winters. The author finds that low sunspot solar activity is related to easterly stratospheric tropical winds, which are able to decrease the AO index. The regression correlations are "statistically significant."

A 3,000-Year Record of Solar Activity

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A 3000 year "fully adjustment-free physical reconstruction" of sunspot number was published in the journal Astronomy and Astrophysics. This allowed the authors to study modes of solar activity. They conclude that the recent solar maximum (1950 to 2009) was "a rare or even unique event, in both magnitude and duration, in the past three millennia.".

Solar Irradiance Modulation of Equator-to-Pole (Arctic) Temperature Gradients

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This article presents empirical evidence for a direct relationship between total solar irradiance (TSI) and the Equator-to-Pole (Arctic) surface temperature gradient. The evidence suggests that a net increase in the TSI has caused an increase in both oceanic and atmospheric heat transport to the Arctic in the warm period since the 1970s, resulting in a reduced temperature gradient between the Equator and the Arctic.

Solar Forcing on Climate and Primary Productivity in the NE Pacific

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Dr. Tim Patterson of Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, found " that the 11-year solar cycle, amplified by cloud cover and upwelling changes, as well as ENSO, exert significant influence on marine primary productivity in the northeast Pacific." The 11-year solar sunspot cycle was "detected in an annual record of diatomaceous laminated sediments from anoxic Effingham Inlet, Vancouver Island, British Columbia." He concludes, "a decrease of 1.4 W/m2 in solar irradiance and 4% decline in solar ultraviolet radiation through a sunspot cycle is amplified by a positive feedback mechanism with low altitude cloud formation and the suppression of the AL [Aleutian Low] during spring."

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